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Digital corpus of Saint-Germain-en-Laye: the history of the palace, its gardens, and the creation of the Museum of National Antiquities

Digital corpus of Saint-Germain-en-Laye: the history of the palace, its gardens, and the creation of the Museum of National Antiquities

Establishment of a digital corpus dedicated to Saint-Germain-en-Laye: the history of the palace, its gardens, and the creation of the Museum of National Antiquities

The very rich history of the Saint-Germain-en-Laye Palace, which dates back to the 12th century, has largely been ignored after the palace’s transformation into the Museum of Archeology. It is currently referenced only on a series of pedagogical panels, previously regrouped in a ground-floor room, by a model of Saint-Germain’s 17th-century site conserved in the chapel, and by a series of Plexiglas panels – barely visible – within each room of the museum.

In the framework of a new scholarly and cultural project establishing a pole of documentary resources, a digitized corpus of sources and documentation dedicated to the history of the Saint-Germain palace, its gardens, and the birth of the Museum of Celtic and Gallo-Roman Antiquities, at the initiative of Napoleon III, in 1862, is being developed.

The project provides a tangible example – the disappearance of vestiges and material traces of a past narrowly connected to the history of the state at the highest level – of the cluster’s general reflection on the mediations of history in the present.

Responsable du Projet

Hilaire MULTON , Director , Musée d'archéologie nationale et domaine national de Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Partenaires au sein du labex

  • National Museum of Archeology - National domain of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
  • Maison Archeology and Ethnology, René-Ginouvès (MAE) - USR 3225
  • French National Library (BnF)

Autres partenaires associés

Laboratory of Rhône-Alpes Historical Research (LARHRA)
http://larhra.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/

National Archives
http://www.archives-nationales.culture.gouv.fr/

General Council of Yvelines (departmental archives)
http://archives.yvelines.fr/

Center for Baroque Music of Versailles (research pole)
http://www.cmbv.fr/

Durée du projet

4 years
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FAISANT

Face au roi : les nouvelles entrées de l’hôtel et du parterre du château


ISBN:  978-2-85495-662-7
Editeur:  ArtLys
Ouvrage: Une maison de plaisance au XVIIIe siècle, l’hôtel de Noailles à Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Françoise Brissard et Gabriel Wick (eds.)


A garden by Louis Philippe: A palette of colors in service of the king

At the initiative of the investment banker Émile Pereire and after notification from the Council of Bridges and Highways, the engineer Eugène Flachat was entrusted, in 1844, with the construction of the atmospheric railway that extended the rail line linking Paris to Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

At the initiative of the investment banker Émile Pereire and after notification from the Council of Bridges and Highways, the engineer Eugène Flachat was entrusted, in 1844, with the construction of the atmospheric railway that extended the rail line linking Paris to Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

This rail line led to the creation of works of art, the construction of ditches in the forest, and the creation of a jetty on the Seine that would enduringly/permanently mark the urban landscape and the palace’s surroundings. The palace became the Museum of National Antiquities in 1862.

This was the occasion for Louis-Philippe I to create an English garden in the extension of the French-style lawn and quincunx, a checkerboard-style of planting, were soon redesigned. The French king entrusted its creation to the engineer Alexandre Prosper Loaisel de Tréogate, who, to do this, would produce numerous plans, most of which are now found in the National Archives and the Departmental Archives of Yvelines.

During the cataloguing of the documentary collection, a plan dated 1844, a water color, and a drawing on transparent paper were discovered. They enabled the presentation of a poorly known dossier to our visitors, namely to enthusiasts of the history of the landscape and the history of gardens. The subtle hues used to draw the plans and render modifications comprehensible were echoed in the color scheme employed for the Rendez-vous aux jardins 2016 event. These plans provide a powerful tribute to the work of the gardeners in the national domain who contributed just today to the site’s beauty.

This dossier stems from research on the history of the palace and the estate that is currently conducted by the Museum of National Antiquities-Domaine national de Saint-Germain-en-Laye as partner of the labex Pasts in the present.

 

Curator :

Corinne Jouys-Barbelin, heritage curator, director of the documentary resources service

In collaboration with  :

Étienne Faisant, PhD in art history, research engineer, labex Pasts in the Present
Gilles Becquer, chief gardener, National domaine of Saint-Germain-en-Laye

TOUT A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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Étienne FAISANT


Titre:  Doctor (Art History)
Fonction:  Postdoctoral Fellow
Institution:  Université Paris Nanterre , Musée d'Archéologie nationale - Domaine de St-Germain-en-Laye


Participe au projet:  Digital corpus of Saint-Germain-en-Laye: the history of the palace, its gardens, and the creation of the Museum of National Antiquities

Corinne JOUYS-BARBELIN


Titre:  Heritage curator
Fonction:  Head of the department of the documentation
Institution:  Musée d'Archéologie nationale


Co-responsable du projet:  The Commission de Topographie des Gaules (1858-1879)


Participe au projet:  Digital corpus of Saint-Germain-en-Laye: the history of the palace, its gardens, and the creation of the Museum of National Antiquities

Hilaire MULTON


Fonction:  Director
Institution:  Musée d'archéologie nationale et domaine national de Saint-Germain-en-Laye


Co-responsable du projet:  Mise en place d’un corpus numérisé consacré à l’histoire du Château, des jardins et à la création du Musée des Antiquités nationales de Saint-Germain-en-Laye