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Towards Open Museums: The Interconnection of Digital and Physical Spaces in Open Environments

MW2015: Museums and the Web 2015


URL / DOI:  Read the presentation

keywords

digital cultural mediation, cultural Linked Open Data, global museums

Summary

This paper studies the recent evolutions in digital cultural mediation for museums. It aims to show the convergence of recent socio-technological trends and their social appropriation by museums towards the building of an “open museum” based on the paradigm of collaboration and open access to culture. In the last fifteen years, museums developed policies to make digital cultural resources available. To facilitate the dissemination and circulation of cultural contents, they adopted the media habits of their audience by relying on electronic artefacts and digital data. They began with local indoor installations, then extended them to websites and social networks and finally went digitally mobile with specific apps. This innovative digital communicational policy blurs boundaries between in-situ physical museums and their digital resources. Museum contents are displayed on external platforms developed by industrial stakeholders whose core business was not initially the cultural field. This new configuration allows individual access to cultural content inside and outside the museum by combining the discovery of physical locations and digital resources. In this perspective, we investigated cultural Linked Open Data, in particular the opportunities offered by the social construction of an inter-museum cultural space leading to free circulation of knowledge. We showed that the notion of museum is being extended to include digital social networks, digital mobility and cultural Linked Open Data. This conception of a museum extending beyond its physical space to digital spaces is what could be called an "open museum." Our approach is based on three studies: a) a qualitative analysis of a corpus of professional publications by American and European museums during years 2012-2014; b) five case studies based on interviews with professionals from five American museums; c) one specific example, “Musée d’Histoire de Marseille” in France, in which one of the authors was involved.

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The Museum Week Event: Analyzing Social Network Interactions in Cultural Fields


Publication: 23-27 Nov. 2014, Tenth International Conference on Signal-Image Technology and Internet-Based Systems (SITIS), Proceedings
ISBN:  978-1-4799-7978-3
URL / DOI:  DOI of the book
Publisher:  IEEE

keywords

Cultural differences, Twitter, Communities, Intellectual property, Global communication, Statistical analysis

Summary

The goal of this paper is to analyze messages sent on the Twitter social network during the MuseumWeek event. This analysis relies on quantitative and qualitative studies, which were benchmarked with the MuseumWeek event.

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Aliénor ANISENSEL

Problématiques et enjeux du patrimoine culturel immatériel au Viêt-Nam


Publication: Arts du Vietnam : Nouvelles approches. DALEX Françoise, HERBELIN Caroline, WISNIEWSKI Béatrice (dir.)
ISBN:  978-2-7535-4028-6
Publisher:  Presses Universitaires de Rennes


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Seeing and Having to See the Past: Reconsideration of a Commemorative Historical Exhibition

Critique internationale, n°68


ISBN:  9782724633986
URL / DOI:  DOI of the article
Publisher:  Presses de Sciences Po

Summary

Since their birth in the 19th-century, historical museums have been endowed with a social role. Today, they are more particularly intended to disseminate a “shared memory” and encourage “tolerant citizenship”. This state of affairs has inspired numerous works. Yet, when confronted with an historical exhibit, the famous visitors’ gaze mainly remains to be decoded. The present article addresses it on the basis of original material: the 2012 historical exhibition sponsored by the City of Paris to commemorate the Vel’ d’Hiv’ roundup. As a member of the exhibition committee, I was able to conduct participant observation field work concerning its genesis. Employing a new approach and new material allowed me to understand how a public narrative concerning history is constructed by politics. In other words, what does it mean to present the past? A collective survey of visitors was subsequently conducted to determine how the exhibition’s presentation of the past via images was seen (or not seen). In other words, what does one see of the past when it is presented to one?

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Laughing about the Nazi Past in Germany The Eigensinn of the Young as they Encounter the History of Nazism at School

Sociétés contemporaines, vol. 99-100, no. 3


ISBN:  9782724634280
URL / DOI:  DOI of the journal
Publisher:  Presses de Sciences Po (P.F.N.S.P.)

Summary

Laughing about Nazism: a sacrilege? How do we interpret students' acts that are shocking, uncomfortable, incomprehensible? Our contribution is based on fieldwork in two schools in the outskirts of Hamburg and Leipzig. Ethnographic observation allows for an analysis of laughter and the practice of joking among adolescents faced with the Nazi past. The concept of Eigensinn allows us to analyze the multiple forms of adoption of scholarly knowledge (which are not foreseen by the institution), that are surprising and sometimes illegitimate: by taking the laughter of adolescents in class and in the schoolyard as an object of analysis. The concept of Eigensinn enables us to better distinguish different levels of historical interpretation adopted by the adolescents in front of their teacher or in peer groups, and notably in a masculine environment. This concept also allows us to grasp the ambiguity of certain acts of transgression of the adolescents. While playing with the rules, they contribute to maintaining the institutional order. The article also insists on the collective dimension of Eigensinn (in this case masculine peer groups), thereby socially situating the Eigensinn. It thus tries to understand, through the example of the school, the functioning of social order as a (re)invention of power relations in an everyday environment.

voir aussi

With the cluster support, the complete writings of André Bazin have been gathered in 2 volumes by Hervé Joubert-Laurencin and published by Editions Macula.