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Appropriating a French model in Iran? The architect André Godard (1881–1965) and the conception of Iranian museums

Les Cahiers de l’École du Louvre. Recherches en histoire de l’art, histoire des civilisations, archéologie, anthropologie et muséologie, vol. 11


ISBN:  2262-208X
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  École du Louvre

keywords

heritage, architecture, museology, archives, Iran, André Godard

Summary

The history of museums in Iran began in the second half of the nineteenth century and experienced its most significant phase in the 1930s, when the Mūze-ye Irān-e Bāstān, the national archaeological museum designed by the French architect André Godard (1881–1965), was inaugurated. Located in Teheran, the emblematic monument incarnates a period of modernisation and exacerbated nationalism during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi (r. 1925–41). The Godard collection, kept in the Musée du Louvre, teaches us about the memorial and patrimonial policies established in Iran between 1928 and 1960 and whose mark is still tangible today.

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Transition to agriculture in South-Eastern Arabia: Insights from oral conditions

American Journal of Physical Anthropology


ISBN:  1096-8644
URL / DOI:  Read the article on the journal's website

keywords

Bronze age, Neolithic, Oman Peninsula, dental pathologies, diet

Summary

Objectives

In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500–3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100–2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700–2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and regional variability during the local transition to agriculture.

Methods

Seven indicators of oral health and childhood stress were analyzed, including dental wear, calculus, caries, alveolar resorption, periapical lesions, ante-mortem tooth loss (AMTL), and linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH).

Results

Neolithic coastal populations are globally characterized by high dental wear, high calculus frequency, high LEH frequency, and frequent periodontal disease, whereas they exhibit low abscesses and AMTL frequencies and a total absence of carious lesions. Samples from the Hafit period present high dental wear, low rates of calculus and LEH, frequent periodontal disease, combined with low abscess and AMTL frequencies and absence of caries. By contrast, samples from the Umm an-Nar period exhibit much lower dental wear, calculus and LEH rates, whereas caries, periapical lesions and AMTL frequencies increase significantly. Marked differences were observed between coastal and inland Umm an-Nar groups, the latter presenting significantly higher frequencies of caries, periapical lesions, alveolar resorption and AMTL.

Discussion/Conclusion

Oral conditions from the Neolithic coastal populations denote a diet mainly composed of unprocessed and abrasive food, with high protein and low carbohydrate intakes, and frequent stress episodes. Although Hafit populations display some changes in oral pathologies, which indicate modifications in their lifestyle and a diversification of the diet, no markers of high carbohydrate intakes were observed in our samples. The impact of agriculture on oral health appears clearly only from the Umm an-Nar period, and is more intense inland than on the coast, where marine resources are still a main component of the diet.

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Hélène GUILLOT

Les soldats de la mémoire. La Section photographique de l'armée, 1915-1919


ISBN:  978-2-84016-261-2
URL / DOI:  Presentation on the Comptoir des presses d'université
Publisher:  Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre


keywords

Archives of war, Great War, History, Historiography, Photography, First World War
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À propos des bibliothèques d’Athènes, de la fin de l’époque archaïque à l’époque impériale


Publication: Locum Armarium Libros, Livres et bibliothèques dans l'Antiquité (Nicolas Amoroso, Marco Cavalieri, Nicolas L. J. Meunier eds.)
ISBN:  978-2-87558-572-1
URL / DOI:  See the book on the publisher's website
Publisher:  Presses universitaires de Louvain

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Enjeux numériques pour les médiations scientifiques et culturelles du passé


ISBN:  978-2-84016-268
URL / DOI:  Website of the Presses Universitaires de Paris Nanterre
Publisher:  Presses Universitaires de Paris Nanterre


keywords

Semantic web, Linked Open Data, Cultural Mediation
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Francis DÉMIER , Elena MUSIANI

Les nations européennes entre histoire et mémoire, XIX-XXe siècles


ISBN:  9782840162537
URL / DOI:  Order the book
Publisher:  Les Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre


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Sofia TCHOUIKINA

The Centenary of the First World War in Russia: Historical Exhibitions and their Visitors

Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps 2017/1 (N° 120)


ISBN:  0769-3206
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  BDIC

Summary

In Russia the centenary of the First World War was state-organized and state-sponsored. This was the first official nation-scale commemoration ever since the end of that war. The ambition of the officials was to impose a new vision of the role of Russia in the War. Russia is ambivalently presented as a victim and as a victor. The conflict in the Ukraine contributed to accentuate anti-occidental, “patriotic” and militaristic trends that had been already manifest in the cultural policy. A sociological research was conducted in museums in 2014 in order to understand, to what extent the commemorative context determined the activities of cultural institutions and the perception of the events by the public. The majority of museums’ activities contributed to complexify the presentation of the war history and the message of the state. If the perception of the war history by the visitors is greatly influenced by mass-media, their appreciation of each museum exhibit is mediated much more by their personal experience.

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Trying out History? Social Appropriations of Exhibitions about the First World War Centenary

Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps 2017/1 (N° 120)


ISBN:  0769-3206
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  BDIC

Summary

Based on an investigation about the public of six French exhibitions dedicated to First World War, the present paper studies the different mechanisms of viewing history, mechanisms confronted with civic expectations placed in these commemorations. Analyzing individual behaviour and speech, it asks the relation between the public and commemoration into the museum and makes propositions in order to understanding social appropriation of the past.

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Valérie BEAUDOUIN , Lionel MAUREL

The Commemoration of the First World War on the Web: Presence and Dissemination of Digitized Heritage

Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps 2017/1 (N° 120)


ISBN:  0769-3206
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  BDIC

Summary

This article aims to understand the online uses of documents digitized by heritage institutions. Based on a mapping of the relations between the websites dedicated to the Great War, on the study of a discussion forum and on the analysis of the online dissemination of a photographic collection, the article reconstructs the role of “amateur” networks, slightly connected to the institutional world, in the circulation of patrimonial funds.

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La commémoration en pratique : les lieux sociaux du rapport au passé

Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps 2017/1 (N° 120)


ISBN:  0769-3206
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  BDIC

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Amar NAFA

Odysséo Website: Learned and Militant Uses

Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps 2017/1-2 (N° 120)


ISBN:  0769-3206
URL / DOI:  Read the article online
Publisher:  BDIC

Summary

Génériques, an association for the memory of imigration history in France, has developed a website dedicated to resources about this subject (description, digitized documents). A sociological study puts forward some ways of understanding the appropriation of this website by different types of users: researchers, librarians, persons interested by the topic.

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Raymond JAMOUS

Le sultan des frontières : essai d'ethnologie historique du Maroc


ISBN:  978-2-36519-019-0
Publisher:  Société d'ethnologie


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Florence FILIPPI , Sara HARVEY , Sophie MARCHAND

Le Sacre de l’acteur Emergence du vedettariat de Molière à Sarah Bernhardt


ISBN:  978-2-200-61552-9
Publisher:  Armand Colin


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L'arc d'Orange : Origine et Nachleben


ISBN:  978-2-251-44616-5
URL / DOI:  Presentation on the website of Les Belles Lettres
Publisher:  Les Belles Lettres - Presses Universitaires de Paris Nanterre


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Albert PIETTE , Gwendoline TORTERAT

A hominist manifesto: anthropology, utopia and ethics

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford-online, New Series, Volume VIII, no. 2 (2016)


ISBN:  2040-1876
URL / DOI:  Download the article
Publisher:  The Anthropological Society of Oxford

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Michel Houellebecq, génie du comique absolu


Publication: Houellebecq, Agathe Novak-Lechevalier (ed.)
ISBN:  978-2-85197-187-6
Publisher:  L'Herne


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Peut-on rire de la cruauté ? L’exemple des caricatures au temps de l’extermination des Arméniens

Les Carnet du Bal n°7 - Usages Géopolitique des images


ISBN:  978-2-84597-573-6
Publisher:  Textuel (Coedition with the BAL and the CNAP)

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La fonction et les intentions des citations des poètes tragiques dans le commentaire d’Eustathe sur l’Iliade

Les Cahiers d’ALLhis, n°4


ISBN:  978.2.313.00507.
Publisher:  Editions Chemins de traverse

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Valérie BEAUDOUIN , Zeynep PEHLIVAN

Mapping the World War I on the Web - Final report of the second phase of the project "The future of online digitized heritage: the example of the World War I"


URL / DOI:  Download the article on HAL-SHS

keywords

Amateurs and professionnals, Community of Practice, Digital heritage, Web archives, World War 1, Web mapping, Web analysis